In recent years, Kochi has witnessed a decline in fertility rates. Factors such as women pursuing higher education, pursuing careers, and delaying marriage and parenthood have shifted traditional family planning timelines.
In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is one such breakthrough that has provided a ray of hope to those struggling with infertility. IVF is a complex assisted reproductive technology that has enabled countless individuals to achieve their dreams of parenthood. This article offers a comprehensive examination of what the best IVF hospital in Kochi can provide, outlining the process and shedding light on when individuals or couples should consider this option.
In-vitro fertilisation, commonly known as IVF, is a medical procedure designed to help individuals and couples overcome infertility and achieve pregnancy. The procedure entails the fusion of an egg and sperm within a laboratory dish to generate an embryo. After the embryo reaches a particular stage of development, it is placed into the uterus, where it can adhere and progress towards pregnancy.
Ovulation Stimulation: The first step in the IVF process is ovulation stimulation. Fertility medications are administered to the individual to encourage the ovaries to produce multiple eggs. Monitoring and hormonal adjustments ensure that the eggs mature at the right time.
Egg Retrieval: Once the eggs have matured, a minor surgical procedure is conducted to extract the eggs from the ovaries. This procedure is typically done under anaesthesia to minimise discomfort.
Sperm Collection: During the same day as the egg retrieval, a sperm sample is collected from the partner or a donor. The sperm is then prepared for fertilisation.
Fertilisation: In the laboratory, the eggs and sperm are combined to facilitate fertilisation. This can occur naturally or through intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), where a solitary sperm is introduced directly into an egg.
Embryo Cultivation: After fertilisation, the resulting embryos are cultured in a controlled environment for several days. The embryologists monitor their development and choose the healthiest embryos for transfer.
Embryo Transfer: Once the embryos have developed, one or more are selected for transfer into the uterus. This is a relatively straightforward procedure that doesn’t necessitate anaesthesia.
Waiting for Results: Following the embryo transfer, individuals must wait about two weeks for a pregnancy test. If successful, the embryo will be implanted, and a pregnancy will be confirmed.
Unexplained Infertility: When the underlying reason for infertility cannot be identified through conventional testing, IVF can be an effective solution. By bypassing potential obstacles, such as blocked fallopian tubes or sperm abnormalities, IVF increases the chances of successful conception.
Ovulatory Disorders: Women who experience irregular or absent ovulation can benefit from IVF. Ovulation induction medications used in IVF can help stimulate egg production, increasing the likelihood of successful fertilisation.
Tubal Issues: If the fallopian tubes are damaged or blocked, preventing the natural journey of eggs to the uterus, IVF becomes a viable alternative. Directly placing embryos in the uterus eliminates the need for functional fallopian tubes.
Endometriosis: IVF can offer hope to individuals with endometriosis, where tissue resembling the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus. The direct placement of embryos into the uterus can bypass the challenges of endometrial abnormalities.
Male Infertility: Couples facing male infertility due to low sperm count, poor sperm motility, or other factors can benefit from IVF with ICSI. This technique entails directly injecting a single sperm into an egg, enhancing the likelihood of successful fertilisation.
Genetic Concerns: Individuals with a history of genetic disorders may opt for IVF with preimplantation genetic testing (PGT). This allows for selecting embryos free from specific genetic abnormalities before transfer.
Advanced Maternal Age: As women age, their fertility declines, and the risk of chromosomal abnormalities in embryos increases. IVF can offer a higher chance of conception for women of advanced maternal age.
Kochi boasts state-of-the-art medical facilities and fertility clinics equipped with advanced technologies. Couples grappling with infertility can access a range of treatments, including IVF, from the best IVF hospital in Kochi. For those considering IVF, consulting with a fertility specialist and understanding the process thoroughly can pave the way for a well-informed decision and a potential path to parenthood.